Water Study: Measuring the Physical and Perceived Effects of Water Training on College Level Modern Dancers

The purpose of this research is to measure the effects of water resistance training as an alternative method of effective strength training for dancers to aid in the development and control of external rotation.

Student Researchers will be required to participate in all of the following:

Explanation of Procedures Pre- and Post-Training:

Using a “Prestige Medical Goniometer”, PI will measure the degree of external and internal rotation in subjects.

Student researcher will aid in the measurement of the degree of external and internal rotation before and after 6-week training course. 

Student Researcher will observe and participate in the procedures and assist in the measurement of: 

Outward Rotation of the Femur = Laying prone on a table, we used the Prestige Medical Rotary Goniometer. Took the leg, flexed at the knee to 90 degrees and established zero.  Moved the leg inwards to measure the degree of outward rotation. Measured in degrees, five times.  The goniometer was placed near the proximal end of the lower leg.  

Inward Femoral Rotation = Laying prone on a table. Used the Prestige Medical Rotary Goniometer.  Took the left leg, flexed at the knee to form a 90-degree angle, and establish zero.  Leg turned outward as far as possible. Measured in degrees, five times. Goniometer was positioned near the proximal end of the lower leg.

Student Researcher will observe 70% of the classes 6-Week Water-based Training Course (see #3), and will understand the following list of exercises:

  • Plie
  • Tendu
  • Degage
  • Develope
  • Battemante
  • Releve
  • Passe
  • Romb de jamb
  • Grande romb de jamb
  • Romb de jamb en l’aire
  • “Jumps” in first position
  • “Jumps” in second position
  • Ballet port de bras

Project Department:


Project Status:

Seeking Researchers

Researcher Requirements:

Open to all students who would like to participate in a research project.

Student Researchers will do the following:

  1. Read two article on the list PI provided, write a précis on each article.
  2. Find three additional articles you believe would help the overall project.
  3. Assist in the external rotation assessment of both pre- and post-testing.
  4. Attend at least 70% of water class sessions. Take notes during the water class, observing student responses. 
  5. Subject to Change: lead and direct group meeting with subjects. PI will counsel on how to lead group meeting. This will be an important component of the research gathering process.
  6. At the end of the semester, or project period, whichever comes first, write up a 3 page paper of your experience, what you have learned, and how you will apply your experience to future projects.

If you would like more information, please contact Sarah Holmes.

Sarah Holmes

Project Duration:

January 2017 through May 2017